Sustainable Mobile Networks
Mobile network capacity is continuously demanded to increase to provide a higher and higher volume of data traffic. Such growth has a hidden cost: the increase of the network energy consumption (with its related expenses) and therefore, the generation of greenhouse gases at a high level.
Digital Power Group and GSMA have estimated that all the ICT industry is already responsible of about 4% of the carbon footprint generated by the human activity, the same as the airplane emissions. This trend will only increase due to the estimated 70% annual growth rate of mobile data traffic. Therefore it is impossible nowadays to design next generation mobile networks without addressing energy saving.
Sustainable design principles must be applied to mobile networks:
- Lower energy consumption through the entire lifecycle (from manufacture to daily use).
- Minimize environmental footprint by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
- Limit resource consumption through waste-free/no-toxic manufacturing, a preference for renewable resources, and an emphasis on recycled materials.
In this research line the application of sustainable design principles to mobile networks is studied.
Two technological objectives have been targeting to achieve this goal:
- Network energy efficiency: the design of network architecture and management schemes that reduce the consumption of the energy resource without damaging system performance. The key issue is to achieve proportionality between energy consumption and traffic load, while maintaining an adequate quality of service for the users.
- Nearly-zero energy networks: the design of network architecture and control schemes that balance energy inflow and spending in presence of equipment powered by harvested ambient energy. The main issue is to satisfy the traffic demands and to meet the quality of service requirements using the available energy budget coming from intermittent and erratic sources (e.g., renewable energy).
- J. Baranda, M. Miozzo, P. Dini, J. Núñez, J. Mangues, Backhaul Routing and Base Station Sleep Mode Engagement in Energy Harvesting Cellular Networks , in Proceedings of ACM MSWIM 2016, 13-17 November 2016, Malta.
- A. Dudnikova, P. Dini, L. Giupponi, D. Panno, Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Switch Off Method for Dense Heterogeneous Networks, in Proceedings of IEEE CAMAD 2015, 7-9 September 2015, Guilford, UK.
- A. Dudnikova, P. Dini, L. Giupponi, D. Panno, Multi‒Criteria Decision for Small Cell Switch Off in Ultra‒Dense LTE Networks, in Proceedings of IEEE ConTel 2015, 13-15 July 2015, Graz, Austria
- M. Miozzo, Smart Energy Management in Mobile Networks Powered with Renewable Energies, International Symposium on Energy Challenges and Mechanics (ECM3), 7-9 July 2015, Aberdeen, Scotland (UK) (invited)
D. Zordan, M. Miozzo, P. Dini, M. Rossi, When Telecommunication Networks Meet Energy Grids: Cellular Networks with Energy Harvesting and Trading Capabilities, IEEE Communication Magazine, June 2015
- M. Miozzo, L. Giupponi, M. Rossi, P. Dini, Distributed Q-Learning for Energy Harvesting Heterogeneous Networks, in Proceedings of IEEE ICC 2015 workshop on Green Communications and Networks with Energy Harvesting, Smart Grids and Renewable Energies, 12 June 2015, London (UK)
- P. Dini, M. Miozzo, N. Baldo, Sustainable Energy in ICT Industry: Supplying Mobile Networks with RES , International Symposium on Energy Challenges and Mechanics (ECM2), 8-10 August 2014, Aberdeen, Scotland (UK) (invited)
M. Miozzo, D. Zordan, P. Dini, M. Rossi, SolarStat: Modeling Photovoltaic Sources through Stochastic Markov Processes , in Proceedings of IEEE Energy Conference, 13-16 May 2014, Dubrovnik (Croatia)
- P. Dini, M. Miozzo, N. Bui, N. Baldo, A Model to Analyze the Energy Savings of Base Station Sleep Mode in LTE HetNets, in Proc. of IEEE GreenCom 2013, Beijing, China, August 2013
- G. Piro, M. Miozzo, G. Forte, N. Baldo, L.A. Grieco, G. Boggia, P. Dini, HetNets Powered by Renewable Energy Sources: Sustainable Next-Generation Cellular Networks, IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 32-39, Jan.-Feb. 2013
- N. Baldo, P. Dini, J. Mangues, M. Miozzo, J. Núñez, Small cells, wireless backhaul and renewable energy: a solution for disaster aftermath communications, in Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Cognitive Radio and Advanced Spectrum Management (COGART 2011) – Cognitive and Self-Organizing Networks for Disasters Aftermath Assistance, 26-29 October 2011, Barcelona (Spain)
Thesis and Internships
- E. Cuoccio, Reinforcement learning for energy harvesting 5G mobile networks, director: P. Dini, advisors: A. Pascual and G. Boggia, joint Master Thesis by Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya and Politecnico di Bari, July 2016.
- A. Dudnikova, Multi-criteria decision analysis for sleep mode in 5G networks, advisors: L. Giupponi, P. Dini, PhD internship, Università degli studi di Catania, February-September 2015.
The activities of this research line are inserted within the following projects:
Relation with past research lines
This research line is the clear evolution of the activities carried out in the past “Green Wireless Networks” research line.
Moreover, the group working in this line has also contributed to the past research lines on “Smart IP Flow and Mobility Management Techniques” and “Cognitive Network Optimization Techniques”.